There are three basic configurations of infeed section:
Swing-Arm System. When the paper stops at the front guides at the head of the feedboard, it is jogged into positiofn. The front guides move out of the way, and grippers attached to the front of an arm mechanism swing down, clamp onto the front of the sheet, and bring it into contact with the grippers on the impression cylinder.
'Rotary-Drum System'. A rotary-drum infeed system is configured nearly identically to the swing-arm system, except that instead of a swinging arm, the grippers used to transfer the sheet from the feedboard to the impression cylinder are mounted on a rotating drum, transferring one sheet per revolution.
'Overfeed System'. After the front guides at the head of the feedboard move out of the way, feed rollers or a vacuum belt force the sheet against a stop on the impression cylinder, causing the paper to buckle slightly. The grippers on the impression cylinder then clamp onto the sheet. The extent of paper buckling can be carefully controlled to retain proper register.
On some infeed systems, the grippers on the impression cylinder, or on the infeed drum, are bowed (i.e., the center gripper is slightly—up to 0.008 inch—out of alignment with the others) to compensate for sheet fan-out, or the expansion of the tail-end of the sheet which causes poor alignment of printed images. Often, a gripper-bowing device is added to the infeed system. (See Fan-Out and Gripper-Bowing Device.)
The grippers themselves need to be properly adjusted for paper thickness, and to ensure that the gripper bite is consistent across the press. Uneven gripper bite can cause sheet wrinkling and poor registration of the printed image. Grippers that are set too tightly can distort, damage, and/or tear the sheet, and cause transfer and delivery problems.
The infeed on a web press involves unwinding a roll of paper (or other substrate) into the press, ensuring that web tension remains consistent throughout the press run. See Web Offset Lithography: Infeed and Web Control.