In motion picture photography and videography, to move a camera horizontally, either while following a moving subject, or to view all of a large stationary subject, such as a landscape.
[Translation across x and y grid. Process of translating all elements of a picture with a workstation transformation to give the appearance of movement to point or object of interest.
In computer graphics, to move an object from side to side or up and down.
On the Macintosh we call this scrolling. On non-Macintosh CAD systems it is called panning. It simply means moving around to different parts of the drawing.]